KANSAS CITY, Mo. — Medicaid expansion is coming to Missouri after voters approved a constitutional amendment Tuesday, expanding the federal government’s health program for low-income citizens.
States were allowed to expand Medicaid coverage beginning Jan. 1, 2014, after passage of the Affordable Care Act four years earlier and subsequent legal challenges.
Jackson County voters overwhelmingly approved Amendment 2 with 41,233 votes for and 25,528 votes against, according to unofficial results.
The ballot language also prevents the state from imposing restrictions on the newly eligible not already imposed for Medicaid coverage.
Roughly one in five people in the U.S. are enrolled in Medicaid, including 15% of Missourians — or 888,000 people — based on 2018 figures from the Kaiser Family Foundation.
There were an estimated 556,000 uninsured Missourians at that time.
Under federal law, Missouri will be reimbursed for 90% of the cost of newly eligible Medicaid recipients.
The Center for Health and Economics Policy at Washington University’s Institute for Public Health in St. Louis estimated in February 2019 that 271,500 Missouri residents would have enrolled in an expanded Medicaid program in 2020, including 190,000 previously uninsured residents and more than 40,000 children.
The study suggests Missouri will see a decrease in state expenditures for Medicaid of $39 million to $91 million through 2024, which is as far out as it projected.
Kansas remains one of 12 states yet to expand Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act, according to the Kaiser Family Foundation.
The other states yet to expand Medicaid are Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Wisconsin and Wyoming.
Nebraska passed Medicaid expansion in 2018, but the state has yet to implement a program.
Oklahoma passed Medicaid expansion in June 2020.
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